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Impairment in ability to read, not resulting from low intelligence. It was first described in 1877 by the German physician Adolf Kussmaul (1822–1902), who coined the term word blindness to refer to it. See also acquired dyslexia, alexia, attentional dyslexia, catalexia, central dyslexias, cognitive neuropsychology, deep dyslexia, developmental dyslexia, Dore programme, neglect dyslexia, phonological dyslexia, reading disorder, spelling dyslexia, strephosymbolia, surface dyslexia, visual word-form dyslexia. Also called alexia, hypolexia, and word blindness. Compare hyperlexia. dyslexic adj. [From Greek dys- bad or abnormal + lexis a word + -ia indicating a condition or quality]

Subjects: Psychology.

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