The sons of the Monomotapa, monarch of the Karanga, quarreled. Each set himself up as an independent mambo, or chief, dividing the empire of their father among themselves. One of these leaders had his capital at Maulwi, in Zimbabwe. He ruled his people not by force, but through his supernatural prerogatives, for he was a sacred king.
He had a daughter, Dzugudini, the mythical founder of the Lovedu people. Though unmarried, she had a son, Makaphimo. Dzugudini refused to reveal the name of the father to her father, the mambo. Her mother stole rain charms and sacred beads, and taught Dzugudini their use. Before Mambo could take action, Dzugudini and her infant son fled to the south, where they settled and founded the Lovedu people. Dzugudini died at Nareni, Makaphimo at Khumeloni. Mahasha, a brother of Makaphimo, sowed seeds, testing agricultural possibilities, and another brother, Mudiga, drove off lions that surrounded his area. Muhale, Makaphimo's son, ruled at Khumeloni, and got Mahasha and Mudiga to rejoin him as leaders. See also: Mujaji.