James Dyson

(b. 1947)

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(1947– )

British inventor, entrepreneur, and industrialist Dyson first came to notice with his design of the Ballbarrow, which won a Building Design Innovation Award (1977). Having sold his interests in this product, he developed the innovative G‐Force vacuum cleaner. Unable to interest any European manufacturers to invest in its manufacture he worked with a Japanese company that launched it in 1986. His pink, Postmodern design soon attracted critical attention and was included in a number of significant exhibitions of British design. In 1993 Dyson opened a Research Centre and Factory in Chippenham, Wiltshire, producing the DC01 cleaner which became the best‐selling cleaner in the market place. Dyson objects have become style icons, reflected in the 1996 launch of the colourful limited edition De Stijl DC02 vacuum cleaner, the standard edition of which was awarded Millenium Product status by the Design Council in 1998. Dyson products may be found in many design collections around the world including London's Design Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum. They are also widely exhibited around the world, as at the Osaka Design Centre, Japan, in 2003. In 1997 Dyson became a member of the Design Council and a Trustee of the Design Museum. His interest in education is reflected in the establishment of the Design Museum's Dyson Centre for Design Education and Training and his membership of the Council of the Royal College of Art, his alma mater where he studied furniture and interior design in the late 1960s. His company has diversified into washing machines and has subsidiaries in Spain and Japan. More recently he has transferred his manufacturing capacity from Britain to South East Asia.

Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

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