Damage to either the outer, middle, or inner ear. In sport, if the outer ear is repeatedly damaged by blows there is a risk of bleeding and inflammation of the ear lobe, which can lead to a permanent deformity commonly called a cauliflower ear (see auricular haematoma). Sports linked with this type of injury are boxing. rugby football, and wrestling. Sometimes a blow to the side of the head can increase the pressure in the middle ear, rupturing the eardrum (see ear drum rupture). An eardrum rupture may also occur as a result of barotrauma, for example, during a scuba underwater dive when changes in air pressure in the middle ear are not equalized.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.