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Cnut (d. 1035) king of England, of Denmark, and of Norway


Alfred the Great (849—899) king of the West Saxons and of the Anglo-Saxons

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'earl' can also refer to...

Alexander Stewart, earl of Buchan (b. c. 1342)

Alexander Wedderburn, 1st earl of Rosslyn (1733—1805) lord chancellor

Althorp, John Charles Spencer, Viscount, 3rd Earl Spencer (1782—1845) politician, agriculturist, and sportsman

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury (1621—1683) politician

Anthony Woodville Rivers, 2nd Earl (1442—1483)

Argyll, Colin Campbell, Lord Lorne, 1st earl of (1492—1493)

Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st earl of Albemarle (c. 1670—1718) courtier and army officer

Arnorr Earls Poet (fl. c. 1036—1083) court poet in Iceland

Arundel, Lord Frederic Lofty, Earl of

Ashburnham, Bertram, 4th earl of (1797—1878)

Atholl, John of Strathbogie, earl of (d. 1306)

Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke (c. 1270—1324) magnate

Blind Earl

Bob And Earl

Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of (1694—1753) architect, collector, and patron of the arts

Cambridge, Richard, Earl of

Cambridge, Richard of Conisborough, 1st earl of (1385—1415)

Carr, Robert, 1st Viscount Rochester, 1st earl of Somerset (c. 1587—1645) favourite of James I.

Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville (1690—1763) politician

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl (1764—1845) prime minister

Charles Howard, 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham and 1st earl of Nottingham (c. 1536—1624) naval commander

Claude Earl Fox

Collaboration (George Benson/Earl Klugh album)

Cool (Bob James/Earl Klugh album)

Dalhousie, George Ramsay, 9th Earl of (1770—1838) army officer and governor-in-chief of British North America

Danby, Thomas Osborne, 1st earl of, marquis of Carmarthen, and duke of Leeds (1632—1712) politician

Desmond, Gerald, 3rd earl of (c. 1338—1398)

Desmond, Gerald FitzGerald, 14th earl of (c. 1533—1583)

Desmond, James FitzGerald, 10th earl of (d. 1529)

Desmond, Maurice fitz Thomas, 1st earl of (d. 1356)


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Quick Reference

Though earl is the oldest peerage title, it has been overtaken by duke and marquis. In early Saxon England it was merely the general name for noble. Administrative responsibility in shires belonged to ealdormen. But the name earl gradually merged with the Danish jarl and, after the reign of Alfred, earls took over the responsibilities of ealdormen. Since they supervised several shires or provinces, administration passed increasingly to the shire reeve. After the Conquest, earldoms tended to become hereditary.

Subjects: British History.

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