Overview

Eastern Roman Empire


'Eastern Roman Empire' can also refer to...

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • History

GO

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

Dynasty of Theodosius

Dynasty of Leo

Dynasty of Justin

Dynasty of Heraclius

Syrian Dynasty

Amorian Dynasty

Macedonian Dynasty

Ducas Dynasty

Comnenian Dynasty

Angelus Dynasty

Lascarid Dynasty

Palaeologan Dynasty

Notes

Calendar and Dating

Dating in the eastern empire was from the creation of the world; the most widespread eras were the Alexandrian, which began in 5492 bc, and the Byzantine, which ran from 5508 (Grumel, chs. vi, viii). The Julian civil year started on 1 September.

Names and Titles

From Heraclius, the imperial title was the Greek basileus; from the early ninth century, this was used with the epithet ‘of the Romans’ (Ostrogorsky, 106–7, 198–9). Family names follow the number directly; sobriquets follow a comma.

Bellinger, A. R., and P. Grierson, eds., Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection (3 vols. in 5 pts., Washington, dc, 1966–73).Grierson, P., ‘The Tombs and Obits of the Byzantine Emperors (337–1042)’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, XVI (1962), 1–63.Grumel, V., La chronologie (Paris, 1958) (Traité d'études byzantines, ed. P. Lemerle, I).Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (3 vols., New York, 1991).Ostrogorsky, G., History of the Byzantine State (rev. edn., New Brunswick, NJ, 1969).

395–408

Arcadius (Fl. Arcadius) (son of the Roman emperor Theodosius I; co-regent 383)

408–450

Theodosius II (Fl. Theodosius) (son; co-regent 402)

450–457

Marcian (married Pulcheria, daughter of Arcadius)

457–474

Leo I, the Thracian

474

Leo II (son of Ariadne, daughter of Leo I, and Zeno the Isaurian; co-regent 473)

474–475

Zeno the Isaurian (co-regent 474; deposed)

475–476

Basiliscus

476–491

Zeno (restored)

491–518

Anastasius I (second husband of Ariadne)

518–527

Justin I

527–565

Justinian I, the Great (sister's son; co-regent 527)

565–578

Justin II (sister's son)

578–582

Tiberius II Constantine (co-regent 578)

582–602

Maurice (co-regent 582)

602–610

Phocas

610–641

Heraclius

641

Constantine III (son; co-regent 613)

641

Heraclonas (brother; co-regent 638; deposed)

641–668

Constans II, Pogonatus (son of Constantine III)

668–685

Constantine IV (son; co-regent 654)

685–695

Justinian II, Rhinotmetus (son; deposed)

695–698

Leontius (deposed, died 706?)

698–705

Tiberius III (Apsimar) (deposed, died 706?)

705–711

Justinian II (restored)

711–713

Philippicus (Bardanes) (deposed, died 714?)

713–715

Anastasius II (Artemius) (deposed, died 719)

715–717

Theodosius III (son of Tiberius III; deposed)

717–741

Leo III, the Syrian

741

Constantine V, Copronymus (son; co-regent 720; deposed)

741–743

Artabasdus (deposed)

743–775

Constantine V (restored)

775–780

Leo IV, the Khazar (son; co-regent 751)

780–797

Constantine VI (son; co-regent 776; deposed)

797–802

Irene (mother; co-regent 780–90, 792–7; deposed, died 803)

802–811

Nicephorus I

811

Stauracius (son; co-regent 803; deposed, died 812)

811–813

Michael I Rangabè (deposed, died 844)

813–820

Leo V, the Armenian

820–829

Michael II, the Amorian

829–842

Theophilus (son; co-regent 821)

842–867

Michael III, the Drunkard (son; co-regent 840)

867–886

Basil I, the Macedonian (co-regent 866)

886–912

Leo VI, the Wise (son; co-regent 870)

912–913

Alexander (brother; co-regent 879)

913–959

Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus (son of Leo VI; co-regent 908)

920–944

Romanus I Lecapenus (deposed, died 948)

921–931

Christopher (son)

959–963

Romanus II (son of Constantine VII; co-regent 945)

963–969

Nicephorus II Phocas

969–976

John I Tzimisces

[...]

Subjects: History.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.