(b Berlin, 1887; d Santa Monica, Calif., 1980). Ger.-born operatic producer and impresario. Trainee actor in Berlin under tutelage of Max Reinhardt. Actor in Frankfurt and Berlin 1915–27. Dir., Darmstadt State Th. 1927–31 (staging Le nozze di Figaro and Otello in 1929), Berlin State Opera 1931–3. Left Ger. for Buenos Aires, working at Teatro Colón with Fritz Busch. Prod. Die Entführung, Salzburg 1932 (cond. Busch). Producer, Glyndebourne Fest. from first season in 1934 to 1939, and 1947–59. Organized Turkish Nat. Opera 1937–47, dir., opera dept. Univ. of S. Calif. 1948–54. Prod. f.p. of The Rake's Progress, Venice 1951. Returned to Berlin State Opera 1954–61; NY Met 1959–62. Set new standards of ens. and detailed rehearsal in Verdi and Mozart. CBE 1960.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.