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A severe viral hemorrhagic fever that occurs in occasional and mostly localized epidemics in central Africa. It causes high fever and multiple hemorrhages from mucosae, including in the eyes, nose, mouth, and gastrointestinal tract. It has a very high case fatality rate, ranging from 50% to 90%. It is caused by a filovirus that is presumably transmitted to humans from wild animals or their meat or skins because epidemics have been associated with killing and eating “bush meat,” i.e., locally available monkeys and rodents. See also Ebola-Marburg virus diseases and the Web site listed there for further information.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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