On the Ouse in the Roman province of Britain. The legionary fortress lay on the east bank; founded during the campaigns of Petillius Cerialis in ad 71–74 it was rebuilt by Agricola c.79 and under Trajan, 107/8. Excavations within the fortress have been limited, although the headquarters‐complex has been explored beneath York Minster. Eburacum was the seat of the northern command; Septimius Severus and Constantius I died there whilst using it as a campaign base. The canabae (civil settlements) lay east of the Ouse; the mercantile settlement west of the river became a colony before 237. The city became the capital of Lower Britain under Severus, and had a bishopric before 314.
Subjects: Classical Studies.