A model of sporting achievement and activity choice in which key components are expectations (i.e. how well individuals are expected by others and themselves to do), social environment, gender roles, and individual differences. The model has been used to explain male/female differences in sport participation and success. If parents, for example, rate a daughter's potential for success in a sport lower than a son's, the daughter is less likely to take part in the sport. See also self-fulfilling prophecy.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.