Eclectic Movement

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(Tib., ris-med).

The revolutionary movement that began in eastern Tibet during the late 18th century which, as its Tibetan name suggests, was ‘unbiased’ in its approach to all religious schools and saw each as valuable in its own right in contrast to the prevailing sectarianism at that time. Most of the teachers involved were from the Kagyü andNyingma schools, although there was some participation by other schools. The most important figures in this movement were Jigmé Lingpa (1729–98), Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820–92), Jamgön Kongtrül (1811–99), and Mipham Gyantsho (1846–1912), all of whom were renowned as polymaths. The ideals of this movement are still alive today in the Tibetan religious community, with the present Dalai Lama characterizing himself as such in outlook.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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