(1825–89), biblical scholar. An Austrian of Jewish parentage and upbringing, he was converted to Christianity at Pest by a Scottish Presbyterian, John Duncan, and accompanied him to Edinburgh. After studying theology at Edinburgh and Berlin, he entered the Presbyterian ministry in 1846, but later joined the C of E (1875), and from 1876 to 1882 was Vicar of Loders in Dorset. He made an intensive study of the doctrines, practices, and conditions of Judaism in the centuries preceding and following the beginning of the Christian era. Of his writings the most widely read was his Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah (2 vols., 1883), a work of great erudition written in an easy style, but somewhat lacking in critical judgement.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.