Education: Educational Reform

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The nature of postcolonial educational reform varied among Muslim countries, depending on the development model adopted and the role played by oil-rich countries and their international benefactors. Malaysia adopted a largely coeducational secular curriculum, expanding education in science, mathematics, and technology-related disciplines; current literacy rates are 89.1 percent (male) and 78.1 percent (female). Saudi Arabia, Algeria, and Pakistan have indirectly restricted the intellectual development of women by emphasizing sex segregation. Literacy rates reflect this: Saudi Arabia, 71.5 percent (male) and 50.2 percent (female); Algeria, 74 percent (male) and 49 percent (female); Pakistan, 50 percent (male) and 24.4 percent (female).

Subjects: Islam.

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