Section 19 of the Education Act 1996 states that local authorities must provide appropriate education for children of compulsory school age either at school or otherwise than at school. Placements must be appropriate to the needs and ability of the child (including any special educational need), in line with local authority policy and their requirement to use public resources efficiently, and agreed with the child's parents. Education Otherwise, also referred to as ‘alternative provision’, encompasses a range of provision including pupil referral units, hospital schools, home tuition, further education colleges, work experience, private or voluntary sector schools, teenage pregnancy units, and National Vocational Qualifications. Parents may also take the decision to educate their child otherwise than at school by electing to pay for an independent school place or by providing education at home. See also home education.