(c. 1074—1107) king of Scots

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B. c.1074, 2nd s. of Malcolm III and Margaret; acc. Oct. 1097; d. Dundee, 8 Jan. 1107; bur. Dunfermline.

Driven out with his younger brothers Alexander and David by Donald Bane after Malcolm III's death in 1093, Edgar sought refuge in England under the protection of his maternal uncle Edgar the Atheling. In 1095, William ‘Rufus’ invested Edgar with the Scottish kingdom, as his vassal, but it was two years before he provided the military support that enabled Edgar to overthrow Donald Bane and re-establish himself. His treaty with Magnus ‘Barefoot’, in which the Norseman secured control of the Western Isles (1098), and the marriage of his sister Edith to Henry I of England (1100), gave the kingdom some much-needed peace.

Edgar introduced the sealed writ into Scotland (examples survive at Durham), and his influences appear to have been pre-Conquest English rather than Celtic or Anglo-Norman, reflected by the resemblance of his seal to that of Edward ‘the Confessor’. Described by Ailred of Rievaulx as ‘a sweet-tempered and amiable man’, he died unmarried and was succeeded by his brothers Alexander I and David I.

Subjects: British History.

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