Prague-born American Romanesque and Gothic Revivalist. He was much influenced by the work of von Gärtner in Munich and by the writings of Pugin and Ruskin. St George's Church, NYC (1846–8), was his first major commission, for which he designed a large Rundbogenstil galleried hall, clearly influenced by developments in Munich. His later Gothic work is of the muscular type, best seen in the Albany State Capitol Assembly Chamber, Albany, NY (1875–85), designed with Richardson and Olmsted. His The Nature and Function of Art (1881) was influential, notably on Furness and Richardson, and he published many papers in sundry journals.
Eidlitz (1977);Jordy&Coe (1961);Placzek (ed.) (1982);Jane Turner (1996)
Subjects: Art — Architecture.