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1 An age in the Middle Devonian Epoch preceded by the Emsian, followed by the Givetian, and dated at 397.5–391.8 Ma (Int. Commission on Stratigraphy, 2004).

2 The name of the corresponding European stage, which is roughly contemporaneous with the upper Cunninghamian (Australia) and upper Onesquethawian (N. America).

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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