1. Within linguistic deficit theory, Bernstein's term for the relatively formal, abstract, flexible, and extended linguistic patterns argued to be largely limited to the language use of the middle- and upper-classes, and the dominant mode employed in the schooling system (see also low-context). Deficit theory, which sees the language of the working class as limited to a more restricted code, has been widely contested by linguists.
2. In cultural theory, an aesthetic code which Fiske suggests is employed in high culture works of art aimed at a limited audience, which has to learn the codes needed to interpret such texts: see narrowcast codes.