Elagabalus, deus Sōl invictus

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(‘Invincible Sun‐god Elagabalus’), oracular deity of Emesa on Orontes, his sacred symbol a conical black stone. His cult was established in Rome from the later 2nd cent. ad. In 218 his hereditary priest at Emesa became emperor as Elagabalus and made the god the supreme official deity of the empire with precedence over Jupiter. This short‐lived promotion (including translation of the sacred stone to the Palatine) was ended by the emperor's assassination, although the cult survived to enjoy the patronage of Aurelian. See sol invictus.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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