Lord chancellor. The son of a Newcastle coal merchant, Scott rose rapidly in his profession. He entered Parliament in 1783, and became solicitor‐general 1788 and attorney‐general 1793. He was appointed lord chief justice of Common Pleas in 1799, becoming Baron Eldon, and lord chancellor in 1801. He served in the cabinets of Addington, Pitt, Perceval, and Liverpool until 1827. Eldon came to symbolize political obscurantism but was an exceptionally able lawyer and in private life good‐natured and even‐tempered.
Subjects: British History.