Eleanor of Provence

(1223—1291) queen of England, consort of Henry III.

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Queen of England, b. 1223, da. of Raymond Berenger IV, count of Provence; m. Henry III, 20 Jan. 1236; d. 25 June 1291; bur. Amesbury, Wilts.

Part of the purpose of the marriage of Henry III and Eleanor was diplomatic, to counter the influence of Louis IX of France, who had married Eleanor's elder sister, Margaret, in 1234. The influence of Eleanor's Provenc,al relatives was much resented. An uncle, Boniface, was made archbishop of Canterbury in 1241 and held the office until 1270; another sister, Sancia, married Henry's brother, Richard, earl of Cornwall, in 1243. Eleanor gave strong support to her husband during the baronial wars, going to the continent to raise men and money. After his death in 1272 she spent her long widowhood in a convent at Amesbury, where she died in 1291.

Subjects: British History.

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