Means by which loads or people can be moved vertically in a chamber within a shaft from one floor of a building to another, called lift in the UK. Although primitive lifts were known in the early C19 (e.g. in the Bunker Hill Monument, Charlestown, MA (1824–42, by Willard), more sophisticated examples were in use in the USA by the 1850s, and Post's Equitable Life Assurance Building, NYC (1868–70—demolished) was one of the first office buildings to be equipped with elevators. Hydraulic power was used for a time, and by the 1880s electrically-powered lifts were evolving, so that by the end of C19 their use was widespread, facilitating the development of tall buildings. See also grain elevator.
C. Elliott (1992)
Subjects: Architecture — Art.