(d. 1302)

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2nd da. of Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster, and Margaret; m. Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick (later Robert I), 1302; d. Cullen, 26 Oct. 1327; bur. Dunfermline.

Daughter of one of Edward I's staunchest Anglo-Irish supporters, Elizabeth married Robert Bruce after his submission to the English king, but the union also strengthened Bruce ties with the Stewarts, since she was James Stewart's niece by marriage. After the battle of Methven (1306), she was sent north for safety to Kildrummy castle, possibly aiming for Orkney, but was seized from the sanctuary of St Duthac at Tain and taken before Edward I. Sentenced less harshly than some of the other royal ladies, she was confined in the manor house at Burstwick in Holderness, being allowed two elderly pages and two servantwomen, ‘elderly and not at all gay’; release came only after Bannockburn (1314), as part of the exchange for the earl of Hereford. Elizabeth eventually bore Robert his hoped-for legitimate male heir.

Subjects: British History.

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