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Describes the art and architecture produced in England during the reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603). In painting (especially portrait miniatures by artists such as Nicholas Hilliard) there was emphasis on exquisite detail and surface pattern, with vivid yet subtle colouring and complex silhouettes. Netherlandish influence was strongly felt in both sculpture and ornament, and in the decorative arts embroidery was highly prized. The leading architect was Robert Smythson whose work at Longleat House (Wiltshire), Wollaton Hall (Nottinghamshire), and Hardwick Hall (Derbyshire) was characterized by a synthesis of traditional English planning allied to Renaissance classicism. Typical features included a love of symmetry, extensive fenestration, and the use of carved ornamental strapwork.

http://www.longleat.co.uk/longleat-house.html Longleat House website.

http://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=1233 Wollaton Hall website.

http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-hardwickhall/ Hardwick Hall website.

Subjects: Art — Literature.

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