Often but less correctly spelled hēliaia, was a meeting of Athenian citizens to try a legal case. It has generally been thought that, when Solon introduced trials by the people in the early 6th cent. bc, the eliaia was simply the ekklesia, called by this different name when it was performing a judicial function. After the middle of the 5th cent., when a plurality of jury‐courts certainly existed, the name eliaia was used either for all these courts collectively or for any one of them. It was also the name of a large court building, used for trials over which the thesmothetai presided.
Subjects: Classical Studies.