born in Indiana, reared in California, after receiving an A.B. and M.A. (1941) from the University of California taught English and creative writing at his alma mater, Cornell, Barnard, Iowa, and St. Mary's College (California). His novels include Parktilden Village (1958), set in a California apartment-house development; David Knudsen (1962), about the son of a nuclear physicist who develops radiation sickness; In the World (1965); and Muriel (1972), a portrait of a narrow, possessive woman. His stories are collected in Among the Dangs (1961) and An Hour of Last Things (1968). His poems are in Fever and Chills (1961) and From the Berkeley Hills (1969). A Piece of Lettuce (1964) and Conversions (1971) are essays on literature and society.