Large settlement site of the Mayan Lowlands dating to the late Formative (Pre‐Classic) period. Construction began about 150 bc and the site was abandoned about ad 150. Covering over 16 square kilometres, the site consisted of two groups of monumental buildings about 1 km apart, connected by a causeway which may have had an astronomical alignment. The western acropolis was enclosed by a stone wall on the south and east sides, and by steep slopes on the north and west. It contained buildings with civic and religious functions, and residences for the elite. The estimated population is 80 000 at its prime.
R. T. Matheney, 1987, El Mirador: an early Maya metropolis uncovered. National Geographic, 172, 316–39
Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.