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The French term for a eulogy or encomium, and in literary contexts especially for a solemn speech, usually published later as a kind of obituary tribute, given to one of the great French Academies (Académie Française, Académie des Sciences, etc.) in praise of a recently deceased academician; or, usually as a competitive exercise in pursuit of an academic prize, in commemoration of some illustrious person of a past age. A notable 18th-century practitioner was Antoine-Léonard Thomas, who won several prizes for éloges on historical figures, and wrote a study of this genre, the Essai sur les éloges (1773). Better-known figures of French literature who composed éloges include Condorcet and d'Alembert.

Subjects: Literature.

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