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This bright green precious stone is a type of brilliant green. In heraldry, emerald is the name given to the tincture vert in the fanciful blazon of arms of peers. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French and Latin from Greek (s)maragdos from Hebrew bāreqeṯ ‘emerald’, from bāraq ‘flash, sparkle’.

Emerald Isle a name for Ireland, perhaps from the prevailing green of its countryside; first recorded in the nationalist poem Erin (1795) by William Drennan (1754–1820).

Subjects: Art.

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