(d. 660)

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(d. 660),

monk (possibly bishop) and martyr. He is the patron saint of the monastery which bears his name (formerly St George's) at Ratisbon, and hence of the whole town. His cult can be traced back in documents of the early 8th century. The Life by Aribo of Freising (c.772) contains some genuine facts, but there are also incidents which closely resemble those in other Saints' Lives. Aribo claims that Emmeran was bishop of Poitiers before coming to Bavaria to do missionary work among the Slavs; but no record survives of a Poitiers bishop of this name. It seems sounder to assume he was a monk and founder. Later, for whatever reason, he was detained by Duke Theodo, who accused him of kidnapping and seducing his daughter. Emmeran set out for Rome to vindicate himself, but the duke's son overtook him and had him killed, either by a lance or by being tied to a ladder, from which his arms and legs were cut off. This writer also claims that Emmeran knew the identity of the culprit but refused to divulge it and preferred to take the blame on himself. The lance and the ladder feature in his iconography. Feast: 22 September.

Bibl. SS., iv. 1200–2; N.C.E., v. 307.

Subjects: Christianity.

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