‘a trading‐post’. An emporion was an ad hoc community where a mixed and possibly shifting population of traders engaged in activities that would be well understood in the quarter of Piraeus of the same name. Outside Greece, a trading‐post did not need to be established with the official acts deemed appropriate to the foundation of a true apoikia: an emporion could be the result of nothing more solemn than market forces. Such was clearly the case at Pithecusae, inhabited by Chalcidians, Eretrians, and some Levantines. This centre, however, supported a population of thousands rather than hundreds from the earliest ‘pre‐colonial’ times so far attested archaeologically, with all that this required—and had received long before the end of the 8th cent. bc—in the way of just such organization as is commonly attributed to the polis. At Pithecusae an emporion seems to have evolved into an overseas Euboean polis, i.e. an apoikia, whether officially recognized as such at home or not. The Pithecusan experience may have accelerated the development of the polis‐concept for future use—at home no less than abroad. See trade, greek.
Subjects: Classical Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).