enclosed oppidum

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A nucleated settlement of the later Iron Age in southern Britain and northern France, usually covering in excess of 10 ha, whose boundaries are marked by large earthworks comprising a bank and outer ditch. Enclosed oppida appear to have been economic, political, and religious centres with a considerable resident population. The enclosures might have been for defence, but more likely they were built to assist these sites in having a distinctively urban feel.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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