(b Chicago, 28 Nov 1893; d Chicago, 15 April 1975). American baritone. He studied in Paris with Jean De reszke and made his début in 1925 at Nice as Don Giovanni. In 1928 he sang Karnac in Le roi d'Ys at the Opéra-Comique, then in 1929 he was engaged at the Paris Opéra, making his début as Valentin (Faust). He also sang Nevers (Les Huguenots), Athanaël (Thaïs), Herod (Hérodiade), Hamlet, Mercutio, Telramund, Kurwenal, Iago, Amonasro, Germont and Rigoletto. He created Mosca in Henri Sauguet's La chartreuse de Parme (1939) and sang Creon in the first Paris performance of Darius Milhaud's Médée (1940). At Monte Carlo he sang Nilakantha (Lakmé), Scarpia and the Duke of Kilmarnock in Franco Alfano's L'ultimo lord (1932), and created Metternich in Arthur Honegger and Jacques Ibert's L'aiglon (1937). In 1946 he made his farewell at the Opéra as Jacob in Etienne-Nicolas Méhul's Joseph. He had a warm, lyrical voice especially well suited to the French repertory.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.