enriched foods

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Processed foods to which vitamins and minerals are added. This may be done to replace nutrients lost during processing; to make them more comparable to other foods (e.g. vitamins A and D are added to margarines to make them comparable to butter); or simply to increase people's intake of a nutrient. Enrichment can be statutory or voluntary. Enriched foods do not always have higher vitamin and mineral levels than unprocessed foods; on the contrary, many more nutrients are usually lost than have been replaced. For example, some bread made from white flour is enriched with vitamins B1, B2, and niacin, and with minerals such as iron, but may still contain less fibre and other nutrients than bread made with unprocessed, brown flour.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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