Aspects of the design of buildings connected with the control of the environment within them (e.g. heat, quality of air, humidity, etc.). Passive environmental control might involve thick, well-insulated walls, but active control would involve airconditioning by mechanical means, the regulation of temperature, humidity, lighting, and so on (termed environmental control). Integrated Environmental Design (IED) involved the control of solar heat-gain, artificial lighting-systems with supplementary backups capable of functioning by day and by night, and means of reducing energy consumption by means of computers (giving rise to the term intelligent buildings).
Baggs & Baggs (1996);Day (1990);Hawkes & W. Forster (2002);Hawkes, McDonald, & Steemers (2002);Knowles (1974)