The use of epidemiological methods to study the effects of exposure to environmental determinants of health. The International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE) defines these determinants as any or all of the physical, chemical, biological, social, economic, cultural, and behavioral factors that affect health. Interactions of genetic and environmental factors are also included. This definition is almost identical to the definition of epidemiology without the qualification “environmental.” Environmental epidemiology further specifies its domain with examples such as health effects of urbanization; built environments; agricultural development; energy production and combustion; pollution of air, water, soil, and food by toxic chemicals; ecosystem disruption; human-animal interactions; and much else.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.