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epinicion


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A kind of Greek ode composed in honour of a victor in the Olympic Games or equivalent festivals at Delphi and Corinth. Such odes were sung in chorus in a triadic structure of strophe, antistrophe, and epode, by custom upon the return of the victor to his home city. They praised the city and the victor's family along with him, also adding mythological narrative and some moral reflections. Examples survive by Pindar (see pindaric) and by his rival Bacchylides, sometimes praising the same victor (e.g. of the Delphic chariot-race of 470 bce).

Subjects: Literature.


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