This Act replaced the Equal Opportunities Commission, the Commission for Racial Equality, and the Disability Rights Commission with a unitary Commission for Equality and Human Rights. The Act requires public authorities to promote equality between men and women, and between girls and boys, and to explicitly prohibit sexual harassment. It also makes it unlawful for any individual, collective body, or organization to discriminate on the grounds of religion and belief; and it enables provision for the prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. The Act represents an important step in anti‐discrimination, and is of direct relevance not only to classroom practices, but also to the regulations and policies of all educational institutions. In semantic terms it is significant as a move away from the concept of ‘equal opportunity’ in favour of an emphasis on the social justice constructions of ‘equality’ and rights. See also Education Act.