An EU directive (Council Directive 76/207, amended by 2002/73) that prohibited discrimination on grounds of sex in employment, training, membership of workers', employers', or professional organizations, and some aspects of social security. It operated along with other sex equality directives, including the Equal Pay Directive (75/117). EU Directive 2006/54, on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation, consolidated and amended (in accordance with case law from the European Court of Justice) seven separate Directives relating to sex equality. It came into force in 2006 and member states were required to implement it within domestic legislation by August 2008. The Directive includes equal treatment of men and women in relation to: equal pay; access to employment, vocational training, and promotion; working conditions; occupational social security schemes; and the burden of proof.
The Equal Treatment Directive (Council Directive 2004/113) covers equal access for women and men to the supply of goods and services, including insurance.