(b Youngstown, Ohio, 1927; d Cleveland Heights, Ohio, 2008).
Amer. composer. Played tpt. in dance bands. Teacher at Cleveland Inst. 1953–61, comp.‐in‐res. 1966–81, prof. of mus. Indiana Univ. Sch. of Mus. 1984–7, prof. of comp., Cleveland Inst. from 1987. Comp.‐in‐res. St Louis SO 1988–90. Comps. incl. several works involving tape and synthesizers, but many works employ more conventional means. The latter incl. vc. conc. (1975); tb. conc. (1976); tpt. conc. (1980); contrabn. conc. (1984); cl. conc. (1984); Concerto for Orch. (1985); conc. for brass and orch. (1986); Woody, cl. (1988); Solstice, chamber orch. (1988); Sym. for Winds (1989); Bulgarian Bop, tb., jazz ens. (1990); vn. conc. (1993); vn. sonata (1994); hp. sonata (1997); str. qt. No.3 (1995); Dance You Monster, tpt. (1998); 3 Pieces for Db. Alone (1999).