Necmettin Erbakan

(b. 1926)

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Turkish politician. Elected to the National Assembly from Konya in 1969. In 1970 founded the neo-Islamist Milli Nizam Partisi (MNP, National Order Party), which called for a spiritual reawakening combined with technical development programs; it was banned from politics in 1972. Served as deputy prime minister in three coalition governments (1973–78) in the Milli Selamet Partisi (MSP, National Salvation Party). The formulation of an Islamist political program within the limits of parliamentary democracy owes much to Erbakan. He was a major influence in the formation of the MNP, MSP, and the Refah Partisi (Welfare Party).

See also Welfare Party

Subjects: Islam.

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