An exercise device that enables the amount and rate of a person's physical work to be measured under controlled conditions. There are several different types of ergometer, each with its own particular advantages and disadvantages. The best ergometer for athletes is one which closely matches their training or competition. Rowing ergometers simulate the action of pulling on oars and have been designed to measure work output of competitive oarsmen under controlled conditions. Arm ergometers consist of a flywheel moved by a pedalling action of the arms. They are especially suitable for people who primarily use their arms and shoulders in physical activity. See also cycle ergometer, swimming flume, treadmill, tethered swimming.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.