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‘Strife’, often personified as a goddess in poetry. She appears in several Homeric battle scenes. In his Theogony Hesiod makes her the daughter of Night and mother of Toil, Pain, Battles, Bloodshed, Lies, Ruin, and the like. In Works and Days, however, he declares that there is not just one Eris but two, a bad Eris who fosters war and a good Eris who stimulates men to work through a spirit of competition. See philotimia. Eris is given a mythical role by the Cypria (see epic cycle): she attended the wedding of Peleus and Thetis and there created rivalry between Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, which led to the Judgement of Paris and thus to the Trojan War. Much later sources say that she was angry at not being invited to the wedding and created the rivalry by tossing the ‘Apple of Discord’ among the guests as a prize for the most beautiful.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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