German‐born American painter, originally called Ulrich Ernst. He was born at Brühl, the son of Max Ernst and his first wife, the art critic Louise Straus. After leaving school he studied typography and became a printer's apprentice, but he had no formal training in painting. In 1939 he emigrated to the USA and in 1941 he had his first one‐man exhibition at the Norlyst Gallery, New York. He was a friend of Matta and his painting was in a vein of Surrealist abstraction influenced by him.