The escarole is a variety of endive, a lettuce-like salad vegetable. Its bitter-tasting leaves are curly (though not as curly as those of its close relative, the curly endive or frisée) and crisp. Its alternative name is batavia.
Etymologically, the word means ‘something edible’. It comes from late Latin escariola, which is derived ultimately from the Latin verb edere, ‘eat’. English originally acquired it in the fourteenth century in the Italian form scariola; escarole is a later borrowing via French.
Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink.