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Cunobelinus (d. c. 42 ad) king in southern Britain

Mellitus (d. 624) archbishop of Canterbury


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'Essex' can also refer to...

Agnes of Essex (c. 1151—1211) noblewoman

David Essex (b. 1947)

Devereux, Robert, 2nd Earl of Essex

Devereux, Roberto, Earl of Essex

Earl of Essex

Earl of Essex

Earl of Essex Robert Devereux (1566—1601) soldier and politician

Elizabeth Essex



Essex Green

Essex Hemphill (1957—1995)

Essex House Press

Essex, Lady

Essex–Lopresti injury

George Essex Evans (1863—1909) poet and journalist

Graf Essex

Henry Essex Edgeworth (1745—1807) Roman Catholic priest and confessor to Louis XVI.

Henry of Essex (c. 1093—1168) administrator and baron

James Essex (1722—1784) architect and antiquary

John Essex (1687—1744) dancing-master

Margaret Essex (c. 1775—1796) composer

3rd earl of Essex, Robert Devereux (1591—1646) parliamentarian army officer

Roberto Devereux, ossia Il Conte di Essex

Sir George Essex Honyman (1819—1875) judge

1st earl of Essex, Arthur Capel (1631—1683)

Timothy Essex (c. 1765—1847) composer and music teacher


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Essex, the kingdom of the East Saxons, was settled in the fifth century, the dynasty tracing its pedigree back to Seaxnet, a Saxon deity. There were a number of sub-groups, such as the Brahhingas (people of Braughing) or the Rodingas (people of the river Roding). Overshadowed by its northern neighbour, East Anglia, its future depended mainly on the possession of London. At times the kingdom stretched into Middlesex and Surrey, and the diocese of London, founded in 604, was specifically for the people of Essex. But the rulers of Kent wielded much power in the early seventh century, and when their power waned Northumbria, Mercia, and, finally, Wessex took over. The critical moment was probably when Aethelbald of Mercia took possession of London and Middlesex c.730. After Ecgberht of Wessex gained control c.825, there were no more Essex kings.

Subjects: British History.

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