Estado Novo (New State)

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António de Oliveira Salazar (1889—1970) Portuguese statesman, Prime Minister 1932–68

Catholic Church

Marcello José das Neves Alves Caetano (1904—1981)


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The official name of the Portuguese dictatorship, which was established by Carmona in 1926 and came to bear the imprint of Salazar (1928–68). Its central features were economic stringency and conservatism (which prevented industrial expansion), social conservatism and maintenance of good relations with the Roman Catholic Church, authoritarianism, and the maintenance of its colonies at all cost, tying them closer to metropolitan Portugal through administrative integration and the promotion of emigration to the colonies. After the replacement of Caetano in 1974, the Estado Novo collapsed concurrently with the colonial empire.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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