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A reaction of an alcohol with an acid to produce an ester and water; e.g.CH3OH+C6H5COOH⇌CH3OOCC6H5+H2O The reaction is an equilibrium and is slow under normal conditions, but can be speeded up by addition of a strong acid catalyst. The ester can often be distilled off so that the reaction can proceed to completion. The reverse reaction is ester hydrolysis or saponification. See also labelling.


Subjects: Chemistry.

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