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Female sex hormone, a group of steroid hormones of which the most important is estradiol, which is responsible for the growth and essential functions of the female genital tract, including the preparation of the uterus for implanting of the fertilized ovum. See also progesterone. Estrogen production declines at the time of the menopause, and this is said to be responsible for menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes.

Subjects: Chemistry — Public Health and Epidemiology.

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