(c. 405—335 bc)

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Athenian statesman of the period 355–342. In 355, after thirteen years' struggle to regain Amphipolis and the Chersonese and the brief but disastrous Social War, the imperialistic advocates of war were discredited and the state near bankruptcy. Eubulus as a theoric (see theorika) commissioner gradually assumed control of Athens' finances, and raised public and private prosperity to a level probably not attained since the 5th cent. The most important guarantee of economic recovery was a law which made it hard for the assembly to draw on the routine revenues of the state for inessential military operations. Thus he was able to use the annual surpluses on a programme of public works. In the wider spheres of policy, he sought to concentrate Athens' military resources on the defence of the essential interests of Athens and of Greece, and to exclude Philip II from Greek affairs by uniting the Greeks in a Common Peace, his chief associates being Midias, Aeschines 1, and Phocion. Like most Athenian politicians, he felt himself forced to accept the peace negotiated in 346 by Philocrates and Demosthenes. After Philip used the peace to intervene in Phocis, Demosthenes determined to renew the war, but Eubulus and his supporters sought to maintain and extend the peace. In 342 Demosthenes and the war‐party were in control. No more is heard of Eubulus after Chaeronea.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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